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Mackinac Center for Public Policy
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2014 House Bill 5223: Reduce “student growth” portion of teacher rating criteria
  1. Introduced by Rep. Margaret O'Brien (R) on January 15, 2014, to delay and change many details in the teacher evaluation criteria specified in a 2011 legislative package overhauling the “teacher tenure” and ratings system, which unless amended goes into effect in the fall of 2015. Among other changes the bill would reduce the amount of a teacher’s performance rating based on empirical student growth data collected by the state from at least 50 percent to 20 percent, with 30 percent based on "locally" selected growth assessments whose details and rigor may vary. Also, the requirement that a teacher who is rated “ineffective” three years in a row must be dismissed would not apply if any changes were made to the rating system during that period. The bill is cosponsored by Republicans Bill Rogers and Lisa Posthumus Lyons, and Democrat Adam Zemke.
    • Referred to the House Education Committee on January 15, 2014.
      • Reported in the House on May 6, 2014, with the recommendation that the substitute (H-4) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
    • Substitute offered in the House on May 14, 2014. The substitute passed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
    • Amendment offered by Rep. Margaret O'Brien (R) on May 14, 2014, to eliminate qualifications from an exception to including special education teachers in the state-based test effectiveness rating requirement. The amendment passed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
    • Amendment offered by Rep. Amanda Price (R) on May 14, 2014, to reduce a requirement for "multiple" classroom observations for a teacher who has not been rated as "effective" to just two observations. The amendment passed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
    • Amendment offered by Rep. Adam Zemke (D) on May 14, 2014, to revise details of which teachers the effectiveness rating process would apply to. The amendment passed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
    • Amendment offered by Rep. Mike Shirkey (R) on May 14, 2014, to require the Department of Education to file reports on the impact of the teacher effectiveness ratings on student performance. The amendment passed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
    • Substitute offered by Rep. Tom McMillin (R) on May 14, 2014, to adopt a version of the bill that eliminates all state-imposed teacher performance rating systems, and instead just requires school districts to post online a description of the evaluation system and process it uses. The substitute failed by voice vote in the House on May 14, 2014.
  2. Passed 95 to 14 in the House on May 14, 2014, to reduce the percentage of a teacher's "effectiveness" evaluation that must be based on student progress as measured by state test data (instead of other local and potentially more subjective measures) from 50 percent to 20 percent in "core" subjects, with the remainder based on local measurements of student academic progress, and delay full implementation until the end of the 2017-2018 school year. The original 50 percent of assessments based on state tests requirement was established by a 2011 law basing school employment decisions on these ratings.
    Who Voted "Yes" and Who Voted "No"

  3. Received in the Senate on May 20, 2014.
    • Referred to the Senate Education Committee on May 20, 2014.

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